Area: 80.300 square kilometres (31.004 square miles)
Population (2000): 70.800
Capital: Undurkhan (330 kilometres (205,o5 miles) far from UB)
Created in 1930.
The province of Khentii is renowned for being the place where the most powerful Mongolian Emperor was born: Genghis Khan. In effects, Genghis Khan was born in Burkhan Khaldun mountains, near the three rivers basin. The Khentii is located in a hilly area, and has a border with the Russian Federation.
Climate, soils and landscapes gradually transforme into a sea of grass as one moves from West to East. Annual precipitation is 200-300 millimetres. The highest point of the region is Mount Asralt Khairkhan (2.799 metres, 9.183,07 feet). Seventy rivers flow in the region, such as the Onon, the Kherulen, the Balzh the Khurkh, the Ulz, or the Tsenkher. The province of Khentii also abounds with numerous, hot and cold springs, such as Gurvun Nuur, Onon, Avarga Toson, or Tars.
Many fruits grow in Khentii, such as wild cherry, blueberry and blackcurrant. There are also many herbs, such as thermopsis, valerianne, or pseudostellavia, and also natural condiments (altaicuma, allium, adorum, lilium pumilum).
The Khentii is rich in raw materials. Have been found and used for industrial purposes: smoky quartz, asbestos, coal, iron ore, tungsten and tin. Many areas are operated: three coal quarries producing 489.2 million tons each; 18 quarries producing 21.3 million tonnes of fluorspar; 2 gold quarries and 17 tin carriers.
Cattle: 1.388.700, among which:
- Horses: 183.200
- Camels: 7.300
- Bovines: 216,900
- Sheep: 626.900
- Goats: 354.400