Area: 123.600 square kilometres
Population (2000): 76.100
Capital: Choibalsan, 656 kilometres (miles) far from UB
Created in 1931.
Detailed map of the provinceThe province of Dornodhas borderswiththe Russian Federationandwith the People'sRepublic of China.TheKhalkhasare predominant inthe province, but BuryatandBargapopulationsalsolive there, especially in the sumsofEreentsav, Bayandun, Dashbalbar, and Tsagaan-Ovoo. Thesums ofGurvanZagalandKhuluunbuirare populated byUzemchins.
4/5 of theterritory ishilly. The vast steppesof Menen, Matad, andTamsag stretch on 300kilometres (186,40 miles)long and up to 150 kilometres (93,20 miles) wide. The steppesstretch over150-200kilometres (93,20 - 124,27 miles) along bothbanks of theKerulen River.The lowestpoint ofMongoliais located in thebasin of LakeKhukh(560 metres, 1.837,27 feet) in the Northeast ofthe province. In the Southeast of the aimag, some parts oftheKhyanganMountainreach 1.000 to 1.600metres (3.280,84 - 5,249,34 feet) abovesea level. We also findhigh mountainsalong the Uulz Riverandsmall hillsalong theOnonRiver.Theannual precipitation is250-300millimetres.TheOnon,Kherulen, Khalkh, andUulzRivers the largest of the region.Dornodalso has manylakes suchKhulkh, Galuut, Bayan, BulanandBuir. Lake Buir is the largest one and it's afreshwater lake,whereas the other onesaresalt lakes.We can also find manysprings, the mostfamous ones beingTsagaanKhunduu, UtaatMinjuur, EreenandTsagaanChuluut springs.
Deer,elk,raccoons, wild boars, otters andwhiteantelopeslive in the basins of theOnonandUulz Rivers andin the Khyangan range. Marmotsrather live in thesteppe. In the basin of Onon, we also findbears,boars andmuskrats, whereas wolvesand foxescan be seeneverywhere,more rarelylynxand squirrels.
Green pastures grow on black and brown soils.River basinsare very fertile. Theprovince of Dornodhas quite welldeveloped infrastructures.81,3 % of thearable land, that's to say about 10 million hectares, are cultivatedor used forpasture.Wheat is cultivated on305square kilometres (117,76 square miles). 3,9square kilometres (1,51 square mile) are used forgrowing vegetables. The local economyis alsosupported bymining,lightindustry, food-processing industry,and construction.Cattle: 735.700, among which:
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