Area: 123.600 square kilometres
Population (2000): 76.100
Capital: Choibalsan, 656 kilometres (miles) far from UB
Created in 1931.
The province of Dornod has borders with the Russian Federation and with the People's Republic of China. The Khalkhas are predominant in the province, but Buryat and Barga populations also live there, especially in the sums of Ereentsav, Bayandun, Dashbalbar, and Tsagaan-Ovoo. The sums of Gurvan Zagal and Khuluunbuir are populated by Uzemchins.
4/5 of the territory is hilly. The vast steppes of Menen, Matad, and Tamsag stretch on 300 kilometres (186,40 miles) long and up to 150 kilometres (93,20 miles) wide. The steppes stretch over 150-200 kilometres (93,20 - 124,27 miles) along both banks of the Kerulen River.
The lowest point of Mongolia is located in the basin of Lake Khukh (560 metres, 1.837,27 feet) in the Northeast of the province. In the Southeast of the aimag, some parts of the Khyangan Mountain reach 1.000 to 1.600 metres (3.280,84 - 5,249,34 feet) above sea level. We also find high mountains along the Uulz River and small hills along the Onon River.
The annual precipitation is 250-300 millimetres. The Onon, Kherulen, Khalkh, and Uulz Rivers the largest of the region. Dornod also has many lakes such Khulkh, Galuut, Bayan, Bulan and Buir. Lake Buir is the largest one and it's a freshwater lake, whereas the other ones are salt lakes. We can also find many springs, the most famous ones being Tsagaan Khunduu, Utaat Minjuur, Ereen and Tsagaan Chuluut springs.
Deer, elk, raccoons, wild boars, otters and white antelopes live in the basins of the Onon and Uulz Rivers and in the Khyangan range. Marmots rather live in the steppe. In the basin of Onon, we also find bears, boars and muskrats, whereas wolves and foxes can be seen everywhere, more rarely lynx and squirrels.
Green pastures grow on black and brown soils. River basins are very fertile. The province of Dornod has quite well developed infrastructures. 81,3 % of the arable land, that's to say about 10 million hectares, are cultivated or used for pasture. Wheat is cultivated on 305 square kilometres (117,76 square miles). 3,9 square kilometres (1,51 square mile) are used for growing vegetables. The local economy is also supported by mining, light industry, food-processing industry, and construction.
Cattle: 735.700, among which:
- Horses: 95.400
- Camels 6.000
- Bovines 132.900
- Sheeps: 385.200
- Goats: 116.200